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Best 9 High Protein Foods


1. Eggs

Whole eggs are among the most nutritious foods available. They’re a good source of protein that’s easy to absorb, and they’re also an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, healthy fats, and antioxidants.

Dog Behaviors & What They Mean


1. Bad Breath

Dogs aren’t known for having wonderfully minty breath, but if you notice a marked change with even a little halitosis, it might be time to take a trip to the veterinarian. There could be something wrong with your dog’s oral health.

M.B.A. Overview


Students who attend business school to get an M.B.A. degree will require a variety of abilities and will require basic proficiency in specific areas. The math proficiency needed for business school differs depending on the course of study. Many Master of Business Administration programs requires algebra, statistics, and, most likely, calculus. It may be beneficial to refresh your knowledge when they are not in use before entering the M.B.A. program. Many business schools require personal computers during the duration of your M.B.A. program. A lot of schools will need you to own a laptop. Although the amount to which you utilize computers will vary depending on your experience, you must be comfortable using spreadsheets, word processing, and databases. Every school will provide the minimum specifications for computer proficiency and the hardware and software requirements.

Schools today try to emulate the business atmosphere within their academic programs by utilizing student teams. Since corporations are increasingly turning to groups to tackle projects and solve issues, M.B.A. programs have transformed most of their instruction from individual tasks to groups. Many Master of Business Administration programs provides team-building instruction as workshops for team building or as a part of the courses on organizational behavior. That can create teams to work on a single assignment in a single class, or they can stay for months doing multiple methods. In the highly competitive environment of M.B.A. courses, the coordination of students during team-building exercises is usually challenging. Students who participate in group activities realize that working in teams consumes a significant amount of time during their studies.

The primary business concepts are taught in all M.B.A. programs. Accounting, finance, economics and organizational behavior, marketing, statistics, and organizational behavior are part of the core curriculum that M.B.A. courses. These subjects in business school are considered part of the core set of issues required by each student. The core courses are the first year of two-year full-time degree studies. In specific programs, students with previous experience in business may be able to skip some (or all) of these required courses by taking the results of any particular exam or an examination of their undergraduate transcript.

5 Strategies to Finance Your Child’s College Education


5 Strategies to Finance Your Child’s College Education

Do you realize that the price for a four-year degree program is about $20,000 per year?

The cost of college education is likely to be the most costly item of raising kids today. When you factor in costs for tuition, fees for exams as well as living expenses, lodging as well as books and computers, it’s not a surprise that the cost of college exceeds $20,000 per year and that’s not even including the social aspects of college.

We live in a society where only the most educated and well-prepared can be successful. The job market is the most important and competitive part of our society, and having a college degree and a degree is a significant way to achieve success in it.

If your children get ready for the workforce, it will be more difficult, and having a college education is vital to achieving success. Here are five strategies to help your child pay for a college education.

1. The typical method of the college education of your parents is through current earnings and is derived from your monthly or weekly salary.

While it is the most popular way to fund college, it is one that only the wealthy or those with high incomes can afford easily. Even with two incomes, most families have a hard time and require sacrifices, especially in the case of more than one child. The majority of parents will only be able to cover a small portion of the cost of college from their current earnings, and income may need other sources of income.

2. Your child can work on his way through university.

Many students must study while working but struggle with balancing a job, classes, and a social life challenging. The result is that students leave college failing their exams or do not perform the best they can.

3. Your child could be able to borrow student loans to finance your college tuition.

Nowadays, most students have to get student loans to pay for all or a portion of their college expenses. In general, they help subsidize parental contributions, and student loans have become the popular method for students to pay for themselves for their education. Many students leave school with huge debts and interest rates that are historically low levels; today’s students will likely have to make substantial monthly payments.

4. Your child might be eligible to receive the benefit of a scholarship or to grant money from local or federal funds to help with the cost of college schooling.

There are various sources for student scholarships or grants, and through a bit of investigation, many students today can get grants. They are, however, not secured to be available in the future. Although grants and scholarships don’t have to be paid back and therefore are more suitable than loans, they aren’t certain or predictable, so relying on them for our children’s future is a risk.

5. Get an educational savings account to help pay for the cost of college.

An education savings plan is to save regularly that you and your children can contribute. The plans are run by the state or college authorities and are available for any child, even an infant. Because of the impact of long-term compound interest, the earlier you start taking out your plan, the simpler it will be, and the less your contribution will be. Since the funds are set up before they go to college, students don’t need to depend on grants, scholarships, or loans, and they can concentrate on their studies.

There are many options for funding your child’s education at college, however the only way for funds to be assured is by signing up for the education savings program. With an education savings plan, you determine what you will invest in and your child could also contribute to their college education. If you are lucky, scholarships and grants will be still available and loans can be used to supplement the cost if needed. If your child doesn’t attend college, the funds could be redeemed.

Investing in an education savings plan as early as possible can give your child the chance to attend college and the best chances of finding a job after they graduate from college.

Options for investing the cost of higher education for your child


Options for Investing the cost of higher education for your child

The cost of higher education is increasing by double-digit percentages year over year; having a solid savings strategy for your child’s education is more crucial than it has ever been in the past. The majority of families will realize that their higher education costs will be significantly more than they’ve saved up for their children’s education. Many kids will have to seek financial aid to cover some of their college expenses. This article aims to look at the pros and cons of four commonly used investment options when planning for college. The article also discusses how some of these choices are superior to others when you consider a percentage of your child’s education could be financed by financial aid.

529 College Savings Plan 529 savings program for college is an essentially new investment choice for college savings. It is a great way for everyone to fund college. There are many advantages of the 529 college savings plan; however, perhaps the most important is the earnings you earn tax-free if you utilize it to pay for eligible education expenses. In addition, your maximum contribution can contribute to a plan with a 529 could be up to several hundred thousand dollars based on your state. If you decide not to use the money to attend college, you may withdraw your earnings. However, you’ll have to pay taxes and pay a 10 percent penalty. The penalty is reduced if your child is awarded an award of scholarship or is disabled, or dies.

Five hundred twenty-nine plans are usually bought through the broker or mutual fund firm. However, the disadvantage is that this may occasionally restrict your investment options because the process of qualifying to receive financial aid is determined by the assessment that considers your children’s assets. An important benefit of college plans is that cash within the plan is classified as the parent’s assets, meaning that less than six percent of its amount is considered to factor in your child’s credit eligibility for financial aid.

Uniform gifts to minors and uniform transfers to Minors Act

(UGMA/UTA Custodial Account)The advantage of a UGA/UMGA Custodial Account is that it does not limit the amount of money that can be contributed. It is simple to establish in all financial institutions. However, the drawbacks exceed the advantages. The primary drawback of a UMGA/UTA Custodial account is that these accounts have only a small tax benefit. When your child is less than 14 years old, only the first $800 in income is tax-free. The following $800 is taxed according to your child’s tax rate, and then there’s no tax benefit whatsoever. Another major restriction is that the bank account needs to be created under the name of your child. Suppose your child requires financial assistance and will evaluate all assets at a rate of 35. So, this kind of account is not recommended for anyone who needs financial assistance.

Coverdell Education Savings Account (CESA) The definition of a Coverdell Education Savings Account will be quite similar to the 529 college savings plan. The major difference is that in the Coverdell Education Savings account, you can contribute only the amount of $2000 per child. To get your income to qualify, your adjusted gross must be lower than $110,000 for singles and less than $220,000 for married jointly filing. The account is considered an asset owned by the parent, which means that less than six percent of its value is counted against your child’s financial aid ability.

Parents need to think about planning for college as a crucial process, and the three options above could make the process simpler and financially secure.

Universal Health Insurance in America: Reflections on the Past and Future


We used to say that South Africa shared the distinction of being one of the few industrialized nations without universal health insurance. We don’t have South Africa anymore to point to. Nearly 20% of the country’s population is without health insurance. The disparities in care and outcomes in health are much higher in the United States than elsewhere in the world.

The political issues surrounding health care are relevant because the American system’s high-quality health care system is comparable to that of other countries. A significant portion of total knee replacements performed worldwide is done in the United States. If you are a resident of certain areas and develop certain types of tumours, you can get the best treatment available anywhere. The outcomes will be at least as good as those in other countries. Large areas of the population have access to healthcare and can see the results. These outcomes are more comparable to the Third World, which is often poorer and less prosperous.

These disparities do not save us money, and we spend significantly more on healthcare than any other country. In fact, Americans are 65 and overspend more on healthcare than they do for the whole population.

The United States is, by international standards, quite unusual. Now the question is: Why? This isn’t an academic question. To understand how the United States got to this point, it is important to know how it got there. Freud stated that all psychiatric phenomena were overdetermined, which means that more explanations are needed to produce the result. This is likely true for most social sciences. There are 10 reasons why the United States is so unique. All of these explanations are true, and anyone would likely be sufficient. These explanations fall into two broad categories: historical-cultural and structural-political.


Americans have a more negative attitude about government than Americans do in any other country than citizens of other democratic countries. Since at least the 18th Century, this has been a constant theme in American history. There are many explanations for this. The first is the self-selection and selection of immigrants to the United States. This was back in colonial times when only the bravest or most desperate were willing to risk the unknown. Draft dodging in European nations was a significant source of immigration during the 19th Century. Other waves of immigration came after failed attempts at political rebellion and revolt. This history also has a religious component, as many immigrants opposed established churches or all hierarchical ones.

De Tocqueville offers a variant to the first explanation: The absence of an aristocracy in the New World and its attendant social hierarchies created a culture that was less accepting of authority and more independent than any other.

While the United States has a socioeconomic situation that is not as uneven as other industrialized nations, a large portion of the world’s population is classified as working-class or working people. Everyone in the United States self-identifies as being middle-class. This leads to an easy syllogism regarding why the United States does not have universal health insurance. There is no self-identified working class, no labour party, or national insurance. This syllogism is difficult to confirm, leading to the fourth point.

Why was there no successful labour party in the United States of America? The United States likely had a greater amount of quasi-free or free land in its history earlier than most other countries. An even higher percentage of Americans with low incomes owned real estate. This land abundance allowed middle-class self-identification and allowed geographic mobility that gave “exit” the option to “voice” for those who had grievances about the status quo.

The fifth cultural-historical explanation for America’s lack of universal healthcare insurance is the absence of a labour party. This is due to the persisting historical cleavage of American politics–race. There was never a labour party because we were unable to unite Black and White workers in large-scale political movements.


I believe all five historical-cultural reasons why universal healthcare insurance hasn’t been introduced to the United States are correct. However, political-structural explanations also play a significant role.

The most fundamental political-structural explanation for James Madison’s genius is that he was an extremely smart man. His constitution accomplishes much of what he desired. In a democratic country, it is almost impossible to implement policies that redistribute substantial resources from the wealthy to the many poorer and middle-income citizens. This design includes other constitutional features, such as the division of power among the branches of government, differences between the Senate, House of Representatives, or the role of an independent judiciary.

Madisonian politics was based on the fundamentally centrifugal forces of American politics, but it can be distinguished from them. The United States is a large, diverse country, and it lacks the religious, ethnic or class identity that can be used to build national political movements. All politics in the United States are local, more than in any other democratic nation. Despite the increased homogenization of culture in America (and worldwide) due to mass media, the United States is becoming more diverse politically and socially and like our health care system.

These Madisonian-style tendencies and other aspects make the United States one of the most corrupt political systems in the world. Rarely does a party’s platform have a significant impact on the health policies that it follows? Since 1965, the electoral success of one party has not produced major changes in health policy. However, a similar shift was almost possible in 1995 with another partisan victory.

The power of money in politics increases when there are no strong parties. Although individual politicians can be successful in the American political system, they cannot succeed without the support of the political party apparatuses. However, except for very rare exceptions, they cannot succeed without substantial personal wealth and significant contributions. The government of the United States is a significant source of wealth, and it has built canals, subsidized railroad construction, and purchased munitions. Political contributions are often evaluated by simple return on investment. Universal health insurance has been long opposed by groups with substantial economic resources.

Our political system is so good at finding the middle ground that there have been long periods when the parties were essentially in control of the power in the national governments. There is no significant difference in the policy between each president’s election, which is not an unusual phenomenon in American history. Our experience since 1972 mirrors that of the 1876-1899 period.


After identifying the main barriers to political change in America, I now want to know how that change can be achieved. There are three ways that change can occur in the United States. “Realigning elections” is the first. Although political scientists continue to debate the relative importance and impact of the 1928 and 1932 elections in ending long periods of Republican hegemony in the United States, one or both of these elections directly led to the 1935 enactment of the Social Security Act. Medicare and Medicaid were created in 1965 by the Lyndon B. Johnson victory of 1964.

A 1994 realignment election completed the 1980 election, replacing a Democratic structural majority in Congress with a Republican one. Some realigning elections do not go in the same direction, and some may not allow for the expansion of government health programs. In 1995-96, we were dangerously close to making Medicaid a block grant program, which would have set us up for permanent privatization of Medicare. The next major shifts may be in one direction or another, and this should be considered when determining the strategy and tactics for advocates of universal healthcare insurance.

The domestic fallout from war is the second reason that America experiences change. Many of the positive changes in the American health care system in the 1950s and 60s were due to programs created by World War II. Social change happens much faster during wartime than it does in peace. This kind of sociopolitical transformation requires a real war that involves substantial mobilization of the people. Recent evidence suggests that the U.S. elites might have learned to fight wars without mobilizing people.

Every once in a while, the United States experiences a third type of change. This is marked by a significant cultural shift that causes rapid changes in public policy. Perhaps the most important example of our time and perhaps the only one of its magnitude is the change in public attitudes toward tobacco. A very popular consumer product that plays a significant economic role was stigmatized over a short period, leading to changes in public policy. This was a unique and rare set of events, giving hope for radical changes.


It is possible, but not impossible, to make positive changes. Based on my experience over the past several decades, it is clear that change is possible when there are opportunities. Success will be for those who are ready and able, and willing to make the changes they have been planning and working towards for a long period. Although it will certainly happen one day, it will be hard to predict when exactly. Advocates need to be prepared. Here are four strategic recommendations.

First, reform has been based on the belief that the system must be reorganized to increase access to care. This belief has been the cornerstone of reform for the past 30 years. Because the American health care system is so large and inefficient, it has been assumed that simply changing its structure will solve the access problems. This syllogism doesn’t work. If you cut spending for one part of the population, someone else will get the money. Money is not always fungible in politics. Moreover, if you attempt to make the system more efficient than it should be, this act can lead to lower incomes and a reduction in the perception of well-being for some people. They will resist any changes.

The president’s promise to create a universal plan for health insurance that would not involve new federal taxes was one of the fatal flaws of Clinton’s health reform efforts. He believed that there was enough money in the system. Although he was correct in principle, the Rube Goldberg-like processes required to get from here and there were so complicated, cumbersome, and confusing that they took the rest of his proposal with them.

The United States saw an incredible increase in wealth over the 1990s. This was not only for the richest 5%, although they were the biggest gainers, but also for the entire wealthiest half. While many people are now more wealthy than they were 10 years ago, none of this wealth has been used to fund health care for those who do not have it. Reform advocates will fail if they continue to try to be efficient and prudent in reallocating money to finance universal services. This is a wasteful, expensive country, and let’s just spend the money.

Practically, it is possible to reform both the health care delivery system and the health insurance system, but not both. The political task is too difficult and the policy implications too complex. This principle is consistent with the experience in other countries, and it has been demonstrated in our Medicare program. While there are many problems with the system and access issues, there is no reason to believe that these problems can’t be addressed (or at least remediated) in a systematic manner. Medicare was established in 1965. Its proponents tried to limit the changes required of health care providers and allow existing practices to continue, however inefficient. It was possible to reform systems later, which it did. Proponents of Medicare knew that expanding coverage would change the existing system and provide the impetus to make further changes. However, in the brief time available, it is impossible to accomplish many things at once. It is impossible to have universal coverage while also reforming the delivery system.

Second, universal health insurance advocates need to remind themselves and their fellow citizens of their position’s ethical and moral roots. The religious groups that oppose progressive social benefits expansions have been the main supporters of the infusion of spiritual and religious values into the country’s political process over the past generation. This is for a variety of complex reasons. While moral appeals play an increasing role in the political system, universal health insurance advocates, whose beliefs are generally grounded within a broad value framework and not narrow self-interest, have been reluctant about joining the fray.

Universal health insurance advocates, for example, have not sought to form a coalition with religiously-sponsored institutions, particularly those affiliated with the Catholic Church. This may be because universal health insurance programs in many other countries have been approved despite the opposition of providers. However, the American political system is a stronghold of entrenched interests, and universal insurance will not be able to come to the United States unless there is significant leadership from the American health care provider community. Universal health insurance advocates should approach the Catholic Health Association as a key provider group.

Third, it is troubling to see how much universal health care discussion takes place outside of those already committed. We are preaching to converts to continue the analogy from the previous point. The conversation takes place in certain parts of the country, namely on the two coasts and some isolated Midwestern outposts. Since World War II, the country’s population has been moving southward and westward. The population has been moving from areas that share the views and proponents of universal health insurance to those areas where there are not many. It is difficult to achieve anything if there are not many coalitions with a national reach. The problems of access to healthcare and the uninsured are much more severe in communities with less political support for universal coverage. This makes it a good target for building coalitions and organizing.

Advocates of universal health insurance must reject the idea that they can achieve their goals through incremental steps. The Social Security Act was the first to use incrementalism in American political science. It was a very limited model that began in 1935. Although it provided old-age benefits and aid to families with dependent children, the original law didn’t provide benefits for survivors, federal disability benefits or benefits for spouses. It didn’t include Medicare or Medicaid. It has been amended 40 times in the 67 years that the Social Security Act has existed. Most years, however, have seen some improvement. It is not surprising that the founders of Medicare, Medicaid and other social security systems adopted a similar approach to health insurance.

This particularist strategy became a normative imperative for how politics should be done in America over time. This view holds that incremental change is the only way to make health insurance affordable. However, over the past 35 years, the incremental expansions of public health insurance have not been enough to decrease the number of uninsured. The private health insurance system has been unravelling at a pace roughly equal to expansions in public programs. In contrast, population growth has largely been driven by immigration–immigration to a country in which a widely disproportionate share of new Americans lacks health insurance.

While proponents for universal health insurance are incrementally moving “sideways”, advocates of non-incremental strategies within other spheres have enjoyed some notable success, at least from their perspective. In the mid-1990s, the Economic Opportunity Act and many valuable remnants from the Great Society’s legislative eruption of 1965 to 1966 were repealed. Large parts of civil rights infrastructure used in the 1970s and 80s were destroyed. From 1995 to 1996, Congress abolished the entitlement for cash benefits for low-income mothers and their children. Additionally, Congress was very close to ending Medicaid’s entitlement status. Other areas of public policy have also seen significant, non-incremental changes.

People who worked hard for those changes didn’t have patience with incrementalism as a prescriptive theory. They believed it was better to be broke than work for them. They demanded too much and overreacted based on the belief that you would only get a small fraction of what you ask for. However, if you don’t ask enough, you won’t get enough.

This is an old political debate. However, universal health insurance advocates have done nothing for 30 to 35 years. It is worth trying something new. One way to try something different is to define the goals and principles for universal health insurance. This can be done by agreeing on defining ethical principles and insisting that these goals and objectives are part of every conversation until they’re achieved. Maybe the “Rekindling Reform Initiative” will help to shape these goals and principles for universal insurance.

2023 Best Business Schools


These schools offer the best programs for learning the essential skills needed to succeed in business. An MBA program should combine a traditional business curriculum and real-world skills such as creativity, resilience, and leadership.

  1. #1 University of Chicago (Booth), (tie Chicago IL

#1 The University of Pennsylvania, Wharton (tie), Philadelphia. PA

#3 Northwestern University (Kellogg) (tie) Evanston, IL

#3 Stanford University (tie) Stanford, CA

2023 Part-time MBA

A part-time MBA is for professionals who cannot take time off from job responsibilities to earn a degree. This format provides a more flexible schedule and places less financial strain on students who work while studying. But for students balancing their personal life and career on top of their coursework, a part-time MBA still requires dedication to finish.

#1University of Chicago (Booth). Chicago. IL

#2 University of California–Berkeley (Haas) Berkeley, CA
#3 Northwestern University (Kellogg) Evanston, IL

Search Business Schools

Potential students can get an MBA or another master’s in business to help them plan their future careers in the private and public sectors. MBA Programs, Specialties, and Additional Rankings An MBA speciality can help you stand out from the crowd of resumes. These concentrations will determine which classes you take, what connections you make, and how you move forward in your career. Consider the long-term and consider how, for instance, a specialization in entrepreneurship could lead you to venture capital, or an international speciality could allow you to travel abroad.

MBA Programs

You can continue your work while enrolled at school with either an executive MBA or a part-time MBA. Explore the rankings below to see how they differ in focus and coursework.

2023 Best Business Schools

2023 Part-time MBA
Executive MBA
MBA Specialties

Below, you can see which schools offer the best programs in each speciality. An MBA in non-profit management is not the same as an MBA in the information system.


Business Analytics



Information Systems






Project Management

Real Estate

Supply Chain/Logistics

Look for business schools that offer online programs.

Online MBA and Graduate Business   Additional Business School Resources   You can also find additional tools to help you understand the student composition of these business schools. 

B-Schools: Most International Students 

Most Minority Students 

B-Schools: Most Female Students 

A-Z Listing of Business Schools

How to Prepare for and Apply to Business School

Do you think that pursuing an MBA could be the next step in your career? The answer may be yes if your goals include climbing up the corporate ladder, starting a company, or being an expert in a specific business area. MG Consulting News can help you find the right business school and show you what an MBA can do.

 We are an impartial resource and use expert interviews and data to give advice and knowledge to prospective students at business schools.

 To rank the Best Business Schools, we use data, including part-time programs and specialities such as business analysis or accounting. You can also view profiles of individual schools, which have information like the acceptance rate and fees. Sign up for a Business School Compass Account to unlock these data and many more.

MG Consulting has various resources that can help you prepare for business school. These include how work experience affects MBA admission, critical distinctions between GRE and GMAT exams, and how to select the program that best suits your goals.

 How Long Does Business School Take?

MBA applications are made up of many components. Business school applicants should give themselves enough time to complete each member. You must study hard and get a high score if you are required to take either the GRE or MCAT exams. Some MBA programs offer test-optional, which means that they do not need GRE or GMAT scores to apply. Others provide a waiver in certain circumstances.

 MBA candidates are often working professionals rather than students who have just graduated from undergrad and want to go directly into a master’s degree program. This means that work experience is often considered when deciding whether or not to apply. There are different work requirements for schools, and quality may be more important than quantity in your professional experience. A strong resume and recommendation letters are also required. Additionally, a personal essay explaining why you would like to attend a particular business school and how an MBA will help you reach your career goals.

Interviews may be part of the admissions process. Be prepared to answer common questions and some hardballs.

The high acceptance rate and low may play a part in your admission to an MBA program.

What do you learn in Business School? Why enrol?

 Students in business school learn skills that can be used professionally. While some students choose to specialize or focus, others study all aspects of the business. There are many reasons to enrol in an MBA program. It can be a step toward a career in the C-suite for some students. Others want to gain expertise in a specific field. Similarly, aspiring entrepreneurs may enrol to learn how to run their own businesses.

  Is Business School Worth it?

 If you are looking to achieve your career goals and desired salary, a business school may be worth it. Consider the long-term and short-term benefits of returning to school as you weigh your options. You can evaluate the return on investment to determine whether business school is worthwhile. Is an MBA worth the investment? Does it have the potential to land you a job with a high-paying job? This could help you pay off any student loans you might have.

 An MBA can help you grow your career and accelerate your path toward a leadership role. Typical roles that attract business school graduates are marketing managers and database administrators. However, an MBA might also be helpful in other careers, such as entertainment management or sports management.

What Does Business School Cost?

 The full-time tuition for out-of-state business school students at the top of MG Consulting News rankings can run to $70,000 per annum.

 Many factors affect the price of an MBA. Public universities usually charge less than private schools, and in-state tuition tends to be lower than outside-of-state tuition. It is worth looking into online earning your MBA.

 Scholarships, and other financial assistance, can be used to offset some of the costs associated with business school. Some employers will reimburse tuition if an employee fulfils certain obligations, such as continuing to work for the company after graduation or receiving a subsidy on their MBA degree.

When should I apply to business school?

 Prospective students can apply to business schools three or four times per year. You have a greater chance of being accepted if you use it earlier. This is because there are usually more scholarships and spots available. Round one takes place in the fall; round two takes place in mid-January; round three takes place in spring. However, you should check with the schools that interest you for exact dates. Don’t rush to submit your application. It could cost you a place in a program if it’s not the best work. Writing a personal statement and building your professional resume take time. If you can complete the exam, you should apply. Preparing for the business school application process should be done at least a year before your actual application.

 A plan will help you keep track of deadlines so that you don’t have to rush to complete everything.




International students have many options in the American education system. The number of schools, programs, and locations can overwhelm international students, and it’s not uncommon for them to be overwhelmed by the options. Knowing the system will help narrow down your options and create your education plan.

The Educational Structure

 Primary and secondary school American students go to primary and secondary school together for 12 years before pursuing higher education. These years are known as the first through 12th grades. At six years old, U.S. children start primary school, also known as “elementary school.” After five to six years, they move on to secondary school.

 Secondary school is composed of two programs. The first is called “middle school” (or “junior high school”), and the second is “high school.” High school graduates are awarded a diploma or certificate. Students from the United States can go to college or university after completing high school (12th grade). Higher education is also known as college or university studies.

 Grading System

Your academic transcripts will be required, just like American students. Official copies of your academic work are called academic transcripts. This includes your “grades” or “grade point average (GPA) in the United States. These are measures of academic achievement. Grades are often given using percentages which are then converted into letter grades.International students may find the U.S. grading system and GPA confusing. There are many ways to interpret grades. Two students from different schools may submit transcripts to the same university. Both students have 3.5 GPAs. However, one student went to a middle-high school and the other to a school with a strong academic record. Because the standards of these two schools are very different, the university may interpret their GPAs differently.

  There are some important things to remember:

  Find out the U.S. equivalent to the level of education you have completed in your country.

  Pay attention to each college’s admission requirements and the requirements for individual degree programs.

  Meet with a guidance counsellor or educational advisor regularly to ensure you meet all requirements.

 Your guidance counsellor or educational advisor will advise you whether you should spend another year preparing for U.S. university entrance. Some countries may not recognize international students who have entered the U.S. college or university before they are eligible to study in their home country.

 Academic Year

 The school year usually starts in August or September and goes through May or June. Most new students start in the autumn. It is, therefore, a great idea for international students they also begin their U.S. university educations at this time. Students form great friendships as they adjust to the new academic phase. There is lots of excitement at the start of the school year. Many courses can be taken in a sequence by students, beginning in the autumn and continuing throughout the year.

 Many schools have two terms, called “semesters,” while others use a three-term calendar known as “trimester.” Others further split the year into four times, including an optional summer session. The academic year can be divided into either two semesters or three-quarter terms if the summer session is not included.

 The U.S. Higher Education System: Levels Of Study

First Level: Undergraduate

 Students who are enrolled at a college or university but have not completed a bachelor’s degree are considered to be studying at the undergraduate level. A bachelor’s degree typically takes four years, and either you can start your bachelor’s studies at a community college or at a four-year college or university.

 In your first two years of college, you will be required to take many classes in various subjects. These courses are commonly called prerequisite courses, and this is to ensure that you have a broad knowledge of many issues before focusing on one particular area of study.

 Many students prefer to study at a community college to complete their prerequisite courses. They will receive an Associate of Arts (A.A.), transfer degree, and transfer to a four-year university or college.

 The specific area of study that your degree is focused on is called a “major”. If someone majors in journalism, they will be awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in Journalism. To fulfil your major requirements, you will need to take certain courses in the field. Your third year of school will be your last.

 The American higher education system has a unique feature: you can change your major as many times as possible. American students are very likely to change their majors during their undergraduate studies, and students often discover a new field they are passionate about. American education is flexible. It would help if you kept in mind that changing majors can lead to more courses which could mean more money and more time.

Second Level: A Graduate in Pursuit a Master’s Degree

 A college or university graduate with a bachelor’s degree might want to consider graduate studies to further their education or pursue certain careers. This degree is often required for higher-level engineering, education, and behavioural health positions.

 International students cannot study abroad as graduate students in certain countries. Before applying for a postgraduate degree at a university in the USA, verify your credentials.

 Graduate programs are usually offered by a college or university division. You will need to pass the GRE (graduate record exam) to be admitted. Some master’s programs require you to take specific tests such as the LSAT or GMAT for law school, business school and medical school.

 Master’s programs for graduate studies typically take between one and two years. The MBA (master’s in business administration) is a popular degree program and takes approximately two years, and journalism, for example, takes only one year to complete.

 A majority of a master’s program is spent in-class study. Graduate students must write a lengthy research paper, called a “masters thesis”, or complete a project.

Third Level: A Graduate in Pursuit a Doctorate Degree

 A master’s degree is considered the first step to a PhD (doctorate) at many graduate schools. Some schools allow students to prepare for a doctorate directly without completing a master’s. A PhD degree can take up to three years, and it may take five to six years for international students.

 Most doctoral candidates enrol in seminars and classes during the first two years. Another year is spent doing firsthand research and writing a thesis. The paper must include views, designs, or analyses not published previously.

 A doctoral dissertation summarises and discusses current scholarship on a topic. The majority of U.S. universities that award doctorates require their candidates to have at least a basic understanding of English and two languages to be able to read. They also need to pass a qualifying exam to officially admit candidates to the PhD program.

 The U.S. Higher Education System Characteristics

 Classroom Environment

 There are many classes, from lectures with hundreds of students to small seminars with a handful of students. American universities are very lively. It is expected that you will share your opinions, argue your points, participate in class discussions, and give presentations. This is a surprising aspect of American education.

 Professors often assign readings and textbooks each week. To participate in class discussions and understand lectures, you must be up-to-date on the homework and required tasks. Some degree programs require that students spend time in the lab.

  Each student in a course is assigned a grade by the professor. The following are the most common bases for rates:

  Each professor will have their own class participation requirements. However, students are expected to participate in class discussions, particularly in seminar classes. This is often an important factor in determining a student€™s grade.

During class, a midterm examination will usually be given.

  You must submit one or more term papers or laboratory reports for evaluation.

   Some short quizzes and exams can be taken. Sometimes professors will offer a “pop quiz” that doesn’t count towards the grade but encourages students to attend class and keep up with assignments.

  After the last class meeting, a final examination is held.


 Each course has a set number of credit hours or credits, and this is approximately the same number as the hour’s students spend in class each week for the course. A course typically has three to five credits.

 Most schools offer a full-time program that is 12 to 15 credit hours. This means you must complete a certain amount of credits to graduate. Students from abroad must enrol in a full-time program each term.


 Students can transfer credits from one school to another university if they have not completed a degree. A student can transfer to another university while still constructing a degree in a reasonable amount of time.

 There are many types of higher education in the United States.

 1. State College or University

 A state school is managed and supported by the state or local government. Each state has at least one state college and possibly more. These public universities schools often have the state’s name or the actual word “State”, such as Washington State University or the University of Michigan.

 2. Private Colleges or Universities

 These schools are run privately and not by an agency of the government. The tuition will be generally higher than that of state schools. Private colleges and universities in the United States are often smaller than state schools.

 Private schools are not available at religiously affiliated colleges and universities. Nearly all of these schools accept students from all faiths and religions. However, some schools prefer students with similar religious beliefs to those found.

 3. Community College

 Two-year community colleges offer associate’s degrees that can be transferred and certifications. There are many types and types of associate degrees. However, the most important distinction is whether the degree can be shared. There will usually be two main degree tracks. One is for academic transfer, and the other is for students who want to go into the workforce immediately. Associate of arts and associate of science degrees are the most common university transfer degrees. Associate of applied science degrees, certificates of completion and certificates of completion are not transferable.

 Most community college graduates transfer to four-year colleges and universities to finish their degrees. They can transfer credits earned at community colleges, which allows them to complete their bachelor’s program in as little as two years. Many colleges offer ESL or intensive English language programs that prepare students to take university-level courses.

 You should not expect to get a higher degree than an associate’s. Instead, find out if an Associate’s degree is sufficient to qualify you for employment in your country.

 4. Institute of Technology

 A school known as an institute of technology offers at least four years of education in technology and science. Some offer graduate programs, while others offer short-term courses.